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What is Peripheral Neuropathy?


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Peripheral neuropathy encompasses a range of nerve disorders affecting the peripheral nervous system (PNS).

The PNS is nerves outside the brain and spinal cord - the Central Nervous System.

This condition disrupts the normal functioning of these nerves, leading to a variety of symptoms that can range from mild discomfort to severe pain and impairment.

Understanding the Basics

The peripheral nervous system transmits signals between the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and the rest of the body.

Peripheral neuropathy can occur when these nerves are damaged or malfunction, interrupting the communication between the brain and different parts of the body.

You may also find our article on idiopathic neuropathy pain useful.

Causes of peripheral neuropathy

Causes of peripheral neuropathy are diverse and can include diabetes, autoimmune diseases, infections, hereditary conditions, and exposure to certain toxins or medications.

Diabetes, in particular, is a common culprit, as prolonged high blood sugar levels can damage nerves over time.

Other contributing factors may include vitamin deficiencies, alcohol abuse, and certain chemotherapy drugs.

Common Symptoms

A common symptom of peripheral neuropathy is numbness or tingling, often starting in the feet and hands and gradually spreading to other parts of the body.

It may also cause sharp or burning pain, sensitivity to touch, muscle weakness, and coordination problems.

In severe cases, it can lead to loss of sensation, making individuals more susceptible to injuries and infections.


Diagnosing peripheral neuropathy involves a comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare professional, including a detailed medical history, physical examination, and potentially nerve conduction tests or electromyography (EMG).

Identifying the underlying cause is crucial to developing an effective treatment plan.


Management of peripheral neuropathy typically focuses on addressing the underlying cause and alleviating symptoms.

Lifestyle modifications such as maintaining blood sugar levels, adopting a healthy diet, and exercising regularly can be beneficial, especially in cases related to diabetes.

Medications, physical therapy, and pain management techniques may also be employed to enhance the quality of life for those affected.

While some cases of peripheral neuropathy can be treated or improved, others may be chronic and require long-term management.

Patient education and support play vital roles in coping with the challenges posed by this condition.

Support groups and counselling can provide valuable resources for individuals dealing with the physical and emotional aspects of peripheral neuropathy.

In summary

Peripheral neuropathy is a complex and multifaceted condition that affects the peripheral nervous system, causing a range of symptoms that can significantly impact daily life.

Early diagnosis, identification of the underlying cause, and a comprehensive treatment approach are crucial in managing this condition and improving the overall well-being of those affected.

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